Stages of Devotion
2. The yoga of
Sri Krishna suggests a
less rigorous practice for those who cannot fix their mind and buddhi on
God alone: “If you are unable to fix your mind steadily on Me, O
Dhananjaya, then seek to reach Me by the yoga of constant practice.” (Bhagavad
An untrained mind is
restless, always in a state of flux, wandering from one thing to another.
It looks outward, and is ever eager to attach itself to sense objects.
Long, steadfast practice is needed to discipline such a mind and give it
an inward, Godward turn. Sri Krishna describes this practice in the
Bhagavad Gita: “Renouncing entirely all the desires born of the will,
drawing back the senses from every direction by strength of mind, let a
man little by little attain tranquillity with the help of the buddhi armed
with fortitude. Once the mind is established in the Self, he should think
of nothing else. Let him withdraw the fickle and unquiet mind from
whatever causes it to wander away, and restore it to the control of the
Self alone.” (6.25-6) In other words, practice involves repeatedly
bringing the mind back to the object of meditation in the heart.
Arjuna’s power of
concentration and skill in archery were legendary. He, too, found it
difficult to tame his mind. He complains to Sri Krishna: “This yoga, which
You, O Madhusudana, have declared to be characterized by evenness—I do not
see how it can long endure, because of the restlessness of the mind. For
the mind, O Krishna, is restless, turbulent, powerful, and obstinate. To
control it is as hard, it seems to me, as to control the wind. (6.33-4)
Sri Krishna concedes that “the mind is restless and hard to control,” but
says that “it can be restrained by practice and by detachment.” (6.35)
Detachment involves staying away from anything that deflects us from the
path to God-realization.
When someone told Sri
Ramakrishna that it was extremely difficult to proceed toward God while
leading the life of a householder, the Great Master spoke encouragingly:
What about the yoga of practice? At Kamarpukur I have seen the women of
the carpenter families selling flattened rice. Let me tell you how alert
they are while doing their business. The pestle of the husking-machine
that flattens the paddy constantly falls into the hole of the mortar. The
woman turns the paddy in the hole with one hand and with the other holds
her baby on her lap as she nurses it. In the mean time customers arrive.
The machine goes on pounding the paddy, and she carries on her bargains
with the customers. She says to them, “Pay the few pennies you owe me
before you take anything more.” You see, she has all these things to do at
the same time—nurse the baby, turn the paddy as the pestle pounds it, take
the flattened rice out of the hole, and talk to the buyers. This is called
the yoga of practice. Fifteen parts of her mind out of sixteen are fixed
on the pestle of the husking-machine, lest it should pound her hand. With
only one part of her mind she nurses the baby and talks to the buyers.
Likewise, he who leads the life of a householder should devote fifteen
parts of his mind to God; otherwise he will face ruin and fall into the
clutches of Death. He should perform the duties of the world with only one
part of his mind.
be continued) —
Meditation & Its Practices